State anxiety and depression as factors modulating and influencing postoperative pain in dental implant surgery. A prospective clinical survey

  1. Rafael Gómez de Diego
  2. Antonio Cutando Soriano
  3. Javier Montero Martín
  4. Juan Carlos Prados Frutos
  5. Antonio López-Valverde Centeno
Medicina oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal. Ed. inglesa

ISSN: 1698-6946

Year of publication: 2014

Volume: 19

Issue: 6

Pages: 592-597

Type: Article

DOI: 10.4317/MEDORAL.19685 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: Medicina oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal. Ed. inglesa


Cited by

  • Scopus Cited by: 15 (18-05-2023)
  • Dialnet Metrics Cited by: 1 (01-06-2023)
  • Web of Science Cited by: 13 (26-05-2023)
  • Dimensions Cited by: 14 (09-04-2023)

JCR (Journal Impact Factor)

  • Year 2014
  • Journal Impact Factor: 1.171
  • Journal Impact Factor without self cites: 1.096
  • Article influence score: 0.366
  • Best Quartile: Q3
  • Area: DENTISTRY, ORAL SURGERY & MEDICINE Quartile: Q3 Rank in area: 50/88 (Ranking edition: SCIE)

SCImago Journal Rank

  • Year 2014
  • SJR Journal Impact: 0.714
  • Best Quartile: Q1
  • Area: Dentistry (miscellaneous) Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 30/136
  • Area: Otorhinolaryngology Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 39/116
  • Area: Medicine (miscellaneous) Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 959/2984
  • Area: Surgery Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 122/443

Scopus CiteScore

  • Year 2014
  • CiteScore of the Journal : 3.0
  • Area: Otorhinolaryngology Percentile: 79
  • Area: Dentistry (all) Percentile: 78
  • Area: Surgery Percentile: 77


(Data updated as of 09-04-2023)
  • Total citations: 14
  • Recent citations: 1
  • Relative Citation Ratio (RCR): 0.94
  • Field Citation Ratio (FCR): 3.76


Objetives: To determine whether preoperative state anxiety and depression modulate or influence objective and subjective postoperative pain following dental implant insertion. Study Design: Prospective, clinical study with 7-day follow-up of a sample of 105 subjects who preoperatively completed the state anxiety questionnaire (STAI-E) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and postoperatively, at 2 and 7 days, recorded objective pain with the Semmes-Weinstein mechanical esthesiometer (SW test) and subjective pain with the Visual Analog Scale (VAS). Results: 85.6% and 81.5% of patients, respectively, recorded no signs of state anxiety or depression. The correlation between anxiety and depression for both maxillary bones was the lower ( P =0.02). The correlation between subjective and objective pain at 2 and 7 days, and the anatomic regions intervened, was statistically significant in the mandible at day 7 ( P <0.01), and highly significant ( P <0.001) for the other variables. The correlation between state anxiety and objective pain at day 7 was nearly statistically significant ( P =0.07). Conclusions: The correlation between state anxiety and depression, and objective and subjective pain at day 7 was not statistically significant. A strong correlation was found between objective and subjective pain in the immediate postoperative period.