Respuestas cardiorrespiratorias a intensidad umbral. Estudio comparativo entre media sentadilla y cicloergómetro

  1. R. Domínguez 1
  2. Manuel Vicente Garnacho Castaño 2
  3. Alejandro San Juan Ferrer 3
  4. Margarita Pérez Ruiz 4
  5. Pablo García Fernández 1
  6. Pablo Veiga Herreros 1
  7. José Luis Maté Muñoz 1
  1. 1 Universidad Alfonso X El Sabio (España)
  2. 2 Universidad Pompeu Fabra (España)
  3. 3 Universidad Pública de Navarra

    Universidad Pública de Navarra

    Pamplona, España


  4. 4 Universidad Europea de Madrid

    Universidad Europea de Madrid

    Madrid, España


Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte

ISSN: 1577-0354

Year of publication: 2018

Volume: 18

Issue: 71

Pages: 507-520

Type: Article

DOI: 10.15366/RIMCAFD2018.71.007 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte

Sustainable development goals


Objective: To compare respiratory responses, heart rate (HR) and lactate at the intensity of the lactate threshold (LT) between half squat (HS) and cycloergometer. Methods: 24 men (21.5±1.8 years, 180.1 ± 5.2 cm, 81.9±8.7 kg) with experience in resitance performed a progressive incremental test in HS and cycloergometer to determine LT. During such test, the following parameters were measured: blood lactate concentrations, HR, oxygen consumption (VO2), carbon dioxide production (VCO2), pulmonary ventilation (PV), ventilatory equivalent of oxygen (PV·VO2-1) and ventilatory equivalent of carbon dioxide (PV·VCO2-1). A t student evaluated the variables analysed among the two exercise modalities. Results: blood lactate concentrations, HR, PV, and PV·VO2-1 and PV·VCO2-1 were higher in HS than in cycloergometer (p <0.05). Conclusions: LT can be detected in HS exercise. Furthermore, the resistance training sessions to the intensity of LT might be used in training sessions which seek to improve cardiovascular endurance and muscle strength.

Bibliographic References

  • Jackson AS, Sui X, Herbert JR, Church TS, Blair SN. Role of life style and aging on the longitudinal change in cardiorespiratory fitness. Arch Intern Med. 2009;169(19):1781–7.
  • Wen CP, Wai JP, Tsai MK, Yang YC, Cheng TY, Lee MC, et al. Minimum amount of physical activity for reduced mortality and extended life expectancy: a prospective cohort study. Lancet. 2011;378:1244–53.
  • Viana-Montaner BH, Gómez-Puerto JR, Centeno-Prada R, Beas-Jiménez JD, MeleroRomero D, Da Silva-Grigoletto ME. Comparación del VO2máx y del tiempo hasta el agotamiento en dos modalidades de ejercicio en triatletas. Rev Andal Med Deporte. 2009; 2(1): 7-11.
  • Myers J, Prakash M, Froelicher V, Do D, Partngton S, Atwood E. Exercise Capacity and Mortality among men referred for exercise testing. N Engl J Med. 2002;346(11): 793-801.
  • Hollmann W. 42 years ago: development of the concepts of ventilatory and lactate threshold. Sports Med. 2001;31(5):315-20.
  • Domínguez R, Garnacho-Castaño MV, Maté-Muñoz JL. Metodología de determinación de la transición aeróbica-anaeróbica en la evaluación funcional. Arch Med Deporte. 2015;32(6):387-92.
  • Meyer T, Lucia A, Earnest CP, Kindermann W. A conceptual framework for performance diagnosis and training prescription from submaximal gas exchange parameters – theory and application. Int J Sports Med. 2005;26(1):38-48.
  • Svedahl K, Macintosh BR. Anaerobic threshold: The concept and methods of measurement. Can J Appl Physiol. 2003;28(2):299-323.
  • Midgley AW, McNaughton LR, Jones AM. Training to enhance the physiological determinants of long-distance running performance: can valid recommendations be given to runners and coaches based on current scientific knowledge? Sports Med. 2007;37(10):857-80.
  • de Sousa NMF, Magosso RF, Pereira GB, Leite RD, Montagnolli AN, Pérez SA, Baldissera V. The measurement of lactate threshold in resistance exercise: a comparison of methods. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2011;31: 376–81.
  • Davis JA, Rozenek R, DeCicco DM, Carizzi MT, Pham PH. Comparison of three methods for detection of the lactate threshold. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2007;27:381–4.
  • Coyle EF. Integration of the physiological factors determining endurance performance ability. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 1995;23:25–63.
  • Bassett DR, Howley ET. Limiting factors for máximum oxygen uptake and determinants of endurance performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2000;32(1):70–84.
  • Lucía A, Esteve-Lanao J, Oliván J, Gómez-Gallego F, Pérez M, ChamorroViña C. Physiological characteristics of the best Eritrean runnersexceptional running economy. Appl Physiol Nut. Metab. 2006;31:530–40.
  • Lucia A, Hoyos J, Santalla A, Earnest C, Chicharro JL. 2003. Tour de France versus Vuelta a Espan˜a: which is harder? Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003; 35:872–8.
  • 16. Davis JA, Vodak P, Wilmore JH, Vodak J, Kurtz P. Anaerobic threshold and maximal aerobic power for three modes of exercise. J Appl Physiol. 1976;41:544-50.
  • Ribeiro LFP, Malachias PC, Junior PB, Baldissera V. Lactate and glucose minimum speeds and running performance. J Sci Med Sport. 2004;7:123– 7.
  • Domínguez R, Garnacho-Castaño MV, Maté-Muñoz JL. Efectos del entrenamiento contra resistencias o resistance training en diversas patologías. Nutr Hosp. 2016;33(3):719-33.
  • Garnacho-Castaño MV, Domínguez R, Maté-Muñoz J.L. Understanding the meaning of the lactate threshold in resistance exercises. Int J Sports Med. 2015;36:371-7.
  • Garnacho-Castaño MV, Domínguez R, Ruiz-Solano P, Maté-Muñoz JL. Acute physiological and mechanical responses during resistance exercise executed at the lactate threshold workload. J Strength Cond Res. 2015; 29(10):2867-73.
  • Maté-Muñoz JL, Domínguez R, Barba M, Monroy AJ, Ruiz-Solano P, Garnacho-Castaño MV. Cardiporrespiratory and metabolic responses to loaded half squat corresponding to the lactate threshold. J Sport Sci Med. 2015;14:648-56.
  • Moreira SR, Arsa G, Oliveira HB, Lima LC, Campbell CS, Simoes HG. Methods to identify the lactate and glucose thresholds during resistance exercise for individuals with type 2 diabetes. J Strength Cond Res. 2008;22(4):1108-15.
  • Oliveira JC, Baldissera V, Simões HG, Aguiar AP, Azevedo PHM, Poian PAFO, Perez SEA. Limiar de glicose e de lactato em exercício resistido. Rev Bras Med Esporte. 2006; 12:333–8.
  • Gale CR, Martyn CN, Cooper C, Sayer AA. Grip strength, body composition, and mortality. Int J Epidemiol. 2007;36(1):228–35.
  • Manini TM, Everhart JE, Patel KV, Schoeller DA, Colbert LH, Visser M. Daily activity energy expenditure and mortality among older adults. JAMA. 2006;296(2):171–9.
  • Baechle TR, Earle RW, Wathen D. (2007). Entrenamiento con pesas. En: Baechle TR, Earle RW, editores. Principios del Entrenamiento de la Fuerza y del Acondicionamiento Físico. Madrid: Editorial Médica Panamericana; 2007. p. 395-425.
  • Bogdanis GC, Tsoukos A, Veligekas P, Tsolakis C, Terzis G. Effects of muscle action type with equal impulse of conditioning activity on postactivation potentiation. J Strength Cond Res. 2014;28(9):2521–8.
  • Sporadyk K, Zoladz JA. The 2,3-DPG levels of human red blood cells during an incremental exercise test: relationship to the blood acid-base balance. Physiol Res. 1998;47(1):17-22.
  • Zajac A, Poprzecki S, Maszczyk A, Czuba M, Michalczyk M, Zydek G. The Effects of a Ketogenic Diet on Exercise Metabolism and Physical Performance in Off-Road Cyclists. Nutrients. 2014:6:2493-508.
  • Faude O, Kindermann W, Meyer T. Lactate threshold concepts. How valid are they? Sports Med. 2009;39(6):469–90.
  • Hue O, Le Gallais D, Chollet D, Prefaut C. Ventilatory threshold and maximal oxygen uptake in present triathletes. Can J Appl Physiol. 2000;25:102-13.
  • Chetta A, Rampello A, Marangio E, Merlini S, Dazzi F, Aiello M, et al. Cardiorespiratory response to walk in multiple sclerosis patients. Respir Med. 2004; 98: 522-9.
  • Hansen D, Wens I, Keytsman C, Verboven K, Dendale P, Eijinde BO. Ventilatory function during exercise in multiple sclerosis and impact of training intervention: cross-sectional and randomized controlled trial. Eur J Phys Med Rehabil. 2015;51(5):557-68.
  • Petrofsky JS, Phillips CA, Sawka MN, Hanpeter D, Stafford D. Blood flow and metabolism during isometric contractions in cat skeletal muscle. J Appl Physiol. 1981;50: 493–502.
  • Lucia A, San Juan AF, Montilla M, CaNete S, Santalla A, Earnest C, Pérez M. In professional road cyclists, low pedaling cadences are less efficient. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2004;36(6):1048-54.
  • Ratamess NA, Albar BA, Evetoch TK, Housh TJ, Kibler WB, Kraemer WJ, Triplett NT. Special Communication. American College of Sports Medicine Position Stand: Progression models in resistance training for healthy adults. Med Sci Sports Excerc. 2009;41(3):687-708.