Uso de dentina particulada en procedimientos de preservación alveolarrevisión sistemática de la literatura

  1. Ignacio Fernández-Baca Cordón
  2. Teresa De las Rivas Folqué
  3. Joaquín López-Malla Matute 1
  1. 1 Universidad Alfonso X el Sabio

    Universidad Alfonso X el Sabio

    Villanueva de la Cañada, España


Científica dental: Revista científica de formación continuada

ISSN: 1697-6398

Year of publication: 2021

Volume: 18

Issue: 2

Pages: 45-52

Type: Article

More publications in: Científica dental: Revista científica de formación continuada


Introduction: The biological processes that take place following dental extractions cause defects in the soft and hard tissues of the jaw, which hinders rehabilitation techniques with implants. Alveolar preservation procedures have been proposed to decrease these dimensional changes. Although autogenous bone is presented as the material with the best properties, it also leads to an increase in morbidity in the patient. Therefore, the tooth itself is presented as an alternative. The objectives of this review were to analyse the dimensional changes in alveolar ridge height/width after alveolar preservation procedures using particulate dentin, as well as possible intraoperative and postoperative complications, new bone formation and re-entry time in the grafted area. Material and method: A review of the relevant literature in the PubMed and MEDLINE databases was carried out, identifying studies evaluating alveolar preservation procedures with particulate dentin in human patients with recorded follow-up. Results: A total of 12 studies were included in the systematic analysis. The dimensional changes, after grafting with particulate dentin, were comparable to those of other biomaterials and lower than in the control groups. The occurrence of complications was low. New bone formation and re-entry time was similar to that of other biomaterials. Conclusions: The use of particulate dentin in alveolar preservation procedures is presented as a promising option compared with other filling materials and superior to the absence of alveolar preservation.