¿Qué consecuencias reales tiene la aplicación de las fuerzas ortodóncicas sobre los dientes?

  1. Cyrielle Sadoun
  2. Marta Macarena Paz Cortés
Journal:
Biociencias

ISSN: 1696-8077

Year of publication: 2020

Volume: 15

Issue: 2

Type: Article

More publications in: Biociencias

Abstract

Introduction:The fixed orthodontic appliances generate light and continued strengths, and the removable one, act via light and discontinued strengths. With both, it is possible to realize the following motions: inclination, torsion, rotation, extrusion, and intrusion. The dental motion is a tortuous process which involves a change of the gums, periodontal ligaments, root cement, and alveolar bone. Moreover, they can produce root resorption, gingivitis, and periodontitis, alternation of the pulp vitality and pain according to the strengths applied.Objective:The general objective is to demonstrate the different consequences of the orthodontic equipment over the teeth and their surroundings.Material and methods: To elaborate this work, it has been realized a bibliographic revision of all the available information related to the topic through international published studies that used different values such as Medline (PubMed), Sapiens and books from the library of the University Alfonso X El Sabio. The keywords used were “orthodontic appliances”, “orthodontic strengths”, “dental motions”, “rootsresorption”, “periodontitis” y “pain”.Resultsand Discussion:The consequences provoked by the orthodontia are the root resorption, the periodontal disease, and pain. According to the authors, the fixed orthodontic causes a greater and more severe root resorption than the aligners. However, the self-ligating brackets seem to have a better protecting window. The orthodontic treatment with the Invislign® aligner could lead to a root resorption.Conclusions: According to the authors, the root resorption provoked by the orthodontia is an unavoidable inconvenience that comes along with any orthodontic methods. In the periodontal health, it has not been observed scientific proofs within the sampled patients with fixed equipment nor aligner. Keepingproper oralhygiene could prevent the permanent periodontal damage. Concerning the pain, there were no significant differences between both groups, although a decrease along time.