Dieta mediterránea y trastornos gastrointestinales y estreñimiento crónico en mujeres de 35 a 64 años

  1. Sanz Rojo, Sara
Supervised by:
  1. Maria Elisa Valero de Bernabe Calle Director
  2. María Elisa Calle Purón Director

Defence university: Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Fecha de defensa: 01 February 2021

  1. L. Collado Yurrita Chair
  2. Luis Sordo del Castillo Secretary
  3. Ismael San Mauro Martín Committee member
  4. J.A. Blumenfeld Olivares Committee member
  5. Cornelia Bischofberger Committee member

Type: Thesis


Chronic constipation is a frequent gastrointestinal disorder that, even though is not detrimental, has important repercussions over people’s quality of life and represents an economic burden to the healthcare system. Its prevalence ranges between 2 to 27% in western countries, making it a public health issue. Constipation is characterized by a lower depositional frequency, excessive strain, incomplete evacuation feeling, obstruction sensation and hard stools. It is more common in women and aging people. In women, multiple factors such as parity, hormonal alterations, the presence of other gastrointestinal disorders, stress, anxiety and depression favor the onset of constipation. Traditionally, non pharmacological treatment for constipation rests in three pillars: adequate fiber intake, water consumption, and physical activity. Nevertheless, there is limited evidence about the efficacy of these recommendations. Nowadays, the Mediterranean diet has become increasingly popular due to its benefits for cardiovascular health. Its high amount of fiber and antioxidants present this diet as a suitable option for the treatment of this ailment, but there is no research regarding this association...