¿Qué patologías locales y sistémicas puede presentar un paciente pediátrico con respiración oral?

  1. Clémence Shopie Girardeau
  2. Esther Alía García
  3. Marta Macarena Paz Cortés

ISSN: 1696-8077

Year of publication: 2020

Volume: 15

Issue: 1

Type: Article

More publications in: Biociencias


Introduction:The respiratory system is a complex entity of anatomy structures, related amongst them, with different functions but complementary. The nasal respiration is essential for a correct body development. The respiratory pattern changes from nasal to bucal by the influence of various factors and due to that fact alterationsin the organism are produced. Aim:Our principal aim is to study the bucal respiratory habit. What is more, we will evaluate the local and systemic impacts in the paediatric patient. Material and method:We did a literature review, by searching scientific relevant articles by using different databases.Results/Discussion:The oral respiration produces morphologic, functional, postural, behavioural and general health changes being the rhinitis and the tonsillar enlargement the etiological factors more common. As a matter of fact, a habit that can be diagnose with different methods should be treated by a multidisciplinar team. Conclusion:The oral respiration shows a close relationship with its etiologies. The general and craneofacial harmful effects will depend on how much time is the habit established in the patient.