Health Literacy and Critical Lecture as Key Elements to Detect and Reply to Nutrition Misinformation on Social Media: Analysis between Spanish Healthcare Professionals

  1. Segado-Fernández, Sergio 2
  2. Lozano-Estevan, María del Carmen
  3. Jiménez-Gómez, Beatriz 1
  4. Ruiz-Núñez, Carlos
  5. Jiménez Hidalgo, Pedro Jesús
  6. Fernández-Quijano, Invención
  7. González-Rodríguez, Liliana 1
  8. Santillán-García, Azucena
  9. Herrera-Peco, Ivan 1
  1. 1 Universidad Alfonso X el Sabio
    info

    Universidad Alfonso X el Sabio

    Villanueva de la Cañada, España

    ROR https://ror.org/054ewwr15

  2. 2 Universidad Europea de Canarias
    info

    Universidad Europea de Canarias

    Orotava, España

    ROR https://ror.org/051xcrt66

Journal:
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

ISSN: 1660-4601

Year of publication: 2022

Volume: 20

Issue: 1

Pages: 23

Type: Article

DOI: 10.3390/IJERPH20010023 GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Institutional repository: lock_openOpen access Editor lock_openOpen access Postprint

Sustainable development goals

Abstract

Health misinformation about nutrition and other health aspects on social media is acurrent public health concern. Healthcare professionals play an essential role in efforts to detectand correct it. The present study focuses on analyzing the use of competencies associated withtraining in methodology, health literacy, and critical lecture in order to detect sources of healthmisinformation that use scientific articles to support their false information. A qualitative study wasconducted between 15 and 30 January 2022, wherein the participants were recruited from active usersfrom a nutrition conversation on Twitter, diets, and cancer and defined themselves as healthcareprofessionals. This study demonstrates that health literacy and critical lecture competencies allowfor the detection of more misinformation messages and are associated with a high rate of responsesto users that spread the misinformation messages. Finally, this study proposes the necessity ofdeveloping actions to improve health literacy and critical lecture competencies between healthcareprofessionals. However, in order to achieve this, health authorities must develop strategies topsychologically support those healthcare professionals faced with bullying as a result of their activityon social media debunking health hoaxes.

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